Family Investment Companies (FICs) are becoming more popular for high net worth individuals in tax and succession planning.

Whilst Trusts are still popular and provide many benefits for the wealth protection of future generations, FICs are a popular alternative that can offer additional benefits. These benefits include no upfront inheritance tax charges and the tax efficient accumulation of profits.

What is a Family Investment Company?

A Family Investment Company (FIC) is one that invests rather than trades. These investments are typically likely to be equity portfolios or property. It is set up by a founder, transferring cash or assets, typically by way of a loan.

FIC profits are taxed at corporation tax rates rather than being taxed on income or capital gains. This can create significant savings, compared to what an individual would pay, especially if they would be paying the additional rate of tax.

Family Investment Companies also provide inheritance tax benefits, making it an excellent alternative to the more traditional Trust arrangement.

How to set up a Family Investment Company

Setting up a Family Investment Company is done by a ‘founder’ that creates at least two classes of shares:

  • The founder’s shares carry voting rights but no rights to capital growth
  • The other class of shares are given to family members, who have a right to capital and income but limited or no control over the company

The founder is typically also a director of the Family Investment Company. The other shareholders cannot make decisions about investment strategy or the issue of dividends, but they are able to benefit financially. The growth in value of company assets can be removed from the founder’s estate for inheritance tax purposes.

The structure is flexible and can be tailored to meet individual circumstances. It is important to draft bespoke articles of association and shareholders’ agreements. This is to regulate which family members can make decisions. It also manages what happens when the shareholders die or when other events occur.

The governing documents are specific to the company which is being formed. They include provisions on how profits are distributed, how capital is returned, directors’ appointments and how shares can be transferred.

For assistance in setting up a Family Investment Company, contact us today. Our expert tax advice team is on hand to discuss how we can assist with Family Investment Companies.

Benefits of Family Investment Companies

  • Profit from your investment will be subject to corporation tax, which is lower than the higher rates of income tax
  • No upfront inheritance tax charges
  • Tax-efficient accumulation of profits
  • Full control over investment decisions
  • Preservation of wealth for future generations
  • Greater control over how assets are distributed and what happens in the event of severance from the family (such as divorce)
  • Flexibility in the types of assets that can be held

The benefits of Family Investment Companies makes it a great alternative to Trust agreements in many circumstances. For more information on the benefits FICs can provide, contact us for advice.

Further aspects to consider

When considering whether a Family Investment Company is the right option, you should take into account the following:

  • Inheritance Tax
  • Divorce and death of founders
  • Divorce of junior family members
  • Adding new family members
  • Minors
  • Drawing income from the asset personally
  • The transfer of certain assets

Further information on these issues is discussed in our Family Investment Company guide.

HMRC’s viewpoint

In early 2019, HMRC set up a unit to investigate the use of FICs, with a focus on inheritance tax.If an FIC is structured to be as ‘future-proofed’ as it can from the outset and is managed as a genuine investment vehicle to benefit the family members, it would be unlikely that HMRC will be able to take offence to such company structures.

In August 2021 the dedicated investigation unit was folded into another unit, after completing its review. HMRC concluded that the use of Family Investment Companies appear to be a planning strategy, often with the primary objective of generational wealth transfer and the mitigation of Inheritance Tax – it found no evidence to suggest that there is a correlation between those who establish Family Investment Trust Structures and non-compliance behaviour. 

HMRC has not yet confirmed whether they will look to introduce specific legislation with regards to FICs. Therefore, this cannot be ruled out in the future. therefore clearer direction on how HMRC views these arrangements and best practice guidelines for their use may still come forward. This highlights the importance of specialist advice regarding the setup and management of a Family Investment Company.

How Alexander & Co can help

Growing and running a family business presents unique challenges and requires a considered business approach and a different way of thinking. Many family businesses do not survive the transition to later generations which is why you need specialist advice and assistance. Alexander & Co has considerable experience working with high-net-worth individuals and families. This includes both within the UK and overseas.

Our family business accountants are here to assist. They provide specialist knowledge to help you utilise opportunities and protect you and your family against future changes.

Get in touch

For more information about Family Investment Companies, get in touch with our tax team. Please email or alternatively, simply fill out the form on this page and we’ll be in touch promptly.

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